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UN Geneva Press Briefing

Rolando Gómez, Chief of the Press and External Relations Section at the United Nations Information Service in Geneva, chaired a hybrid briefing, which was attended by spokespersons and representatives of the World Health Organization, the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, the United Nations Refugee Agency, and Unitaid.

Health crisis in Sudan

Peter Graaff, Acting World Health Organization (WHO) Representative to Sudan, speaking from Cairo, stated that it had been ten months since the start of the conflict in Sudan, which had plunged the country into a humanitarian crisis of epic proportions. As the fighting spread to new areas, civilians continued to be displaced en masse, some of them multiple times. Sudan was now the largest displacement crisis globally with eight million people displaced. Mr. Graaff had witnessed first-hand the displacement within Sudan and Chad; displaced people often found shelter in overcrowded areas where there was a lack of access to water and sanitation, food, and the most basic health services. 

About 25 million Sudanese needed humanitarian assistance; 18 million of them were facing acute hunger; and five million were at emergency levels of hunger. There was concern that the upcoming lean season would lead to catastrophic levels of hunger in worst-affected areas. Disease and malnutrition had a synergistic relationship: malnourished people, particularly pregnant women and children, experienced worse outcomes of disease; malnourished children were at an increased risk of dying from illnesses like diarrhoea, pneumonia, and measles, especially in a setting where they lacked access to life-saving health services. Mr. Graaff stressed that the situation in Sudan was a perfect storm as the heath system was hardly functional, as the childhood immunization programme was breaking down and infectious diseases were spreading: over 10,000 cases of cholera had been reported, 5,000 cases of measles, about 8,000 cases of dengue, and over 1.2 million clinical cases of malaria.

WHO was scaling up on the ground, including in safely accessible and through cross border operations, to deliver the health emergency response, respond to disease outbreaks, sustain disease surveillance, and provide lifesaving medical supplies and equipment. Its teams were currently delivering 58 metric tons of medical supplies to support the health needs of 338,100 of people. But much more could be done, for which international community’s commitment was needed, including strong advocacy for unhindered access for humanitarian partners and the financial resources to rapidly scale-up the response in Sudan. 

Replying to questions from the media, Mr. Graaff said that the Médecins Sans Frontières had recently conducted a preliminary analysis in the Zamzam refugee camp in Darfur, where 400,000 to 500,000 people lived. Excess mortality of children was already detected. With the lean season coming, very high numbers of children and mothers would be severely affected as they did not have access to services. Access for humanitarian aid from Chad was sporadic with the lack of agreement from both parties. Rolando Gómez, for the United Nations Information Service, reminded that the Secretary-General would be traveling to Addis Ababa to attend the African Union Summit, and Sudan would feature highly on the agenda. 

Returnees to Syria subjected to human rights violations and abuses

Elizabeth Throssell, for the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), stated that many Syrians who had had fled the war faced gross human rights violations and abuses upon their return to Syria, according to an OHCHR report released today. The documented violations and abuses had been perpetrated by the Government, de facto authorities, and other armed groups across the country, the report stated. They included arbitrary detention, torture and ill-treatment, sexual and gender-based violence, enforced disappearance and abduction. People had also had their money and belongings extorted, their property confiscated, and had been denied identity and other documents. While the Syrian population as a whole faced such human rights abuses and violations, returnees appear particularly vulnerable”, the report highlighted. 

Economic hardship, abuse, increasingly hostile speech and rhetoric against refugees, raids and mass arrests in some host countries had compelled many to return to Syria, the report said. Türkiye had announced in May 2022 what it called the “resettlement” of one million Syrian refugees back to Syria, with reports of increased restrictions and forced deportations. In Lebanon, following months of increasing tensions and animosity towards Syrian refugees, Lebanese security forces had conducted more than 70 raids targeting Syrian refugee communities in camps and residential areas across the country in the spring of 2023. At least 1,455 Syrians had been arrested and 712 of them deported. “There are reasonable grounds to believe that the overall conditions in Syria do not permit safe, dignified and sustainable returns of Syrian refuges to their home country,” the report concluded. Full report is available here

Replying to questions from the media, Ms. Throssell stated that the report focused on the returnees, who were particularly vulnerable. It was important to stress that the intensification of attacks across Syria had been seen in recent weeks, including from various armed groups and third states, such as the United States and Israel. There were also concerns about a spillover from Syria to other parts of the region, stressed Ms. Throssell. Eujin Byun, for the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), said that there had been 5.1 million Syrian refugees as of 31 December 2023. From 2016 to the end of 2023, some 390,000 had returned to Syria. Those were monitored numbers, she explained, and the real figures could be higher. The situation in Syria was far from secure or economically stable, and it was not suitable for returns. Many returnees were considering trying to leave the country again. 

Suspended election in Senegal

Elizabeth Throssell, for the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), said that the OHCHR was deeply concerned about the tense situation in Senegal following suspension of the presidential election slated for 25 February. Following reports of unnecessary and disproportionate use of force against protesters and restrictions on civic space, OHCHR called on the authorities to ensure that they uphold Senegal’s long-held tradition of democracy and respect for human rights. At least three young men had been killed during protests and at least 266 people had reportedly been arrested across the country, including journalists. 

Investigations into the killings had to be prompt, thorough, and independently conducted, and those found responsible had to be held to account. The authorities should also ensure due process for individuals arrested during the protests. Amid rising tensions and reports of planned further protests, it was crucial that the authorities unequivocally order the security forces to respect and ensure human rights, including the rights to freedom of expression, association, and peaceful assembly. UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Volker Türk called on the Government to ensure that the proposed national dialogue be as broad-based as possible and ensure genuine participation of opposition groups, women, youth, and marginalized groups.

Answering questions from the media, Ms. Throssell said that the OHCHR was concerned that the decision to postpone the election had not been made following broad-based consultations. There was concern that the protests against the postponement had been met with unnecessary force. It was essential that any restrictions on freedom of expression and access to information be limited and imposed strictly under international law. OHCHR was in contact with the authorities, including through its office in Senegal. The Secretary-General urged all actors to refrain from violence and engage in dialogue, added Mr. Gómez, for the UN Information Service. 

OHCHR urges EU leaders to adopt key legislation on business and human rights

Elizabeth Throssell, for the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), informed that UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Volker Türk urged EU leaders to approve a ground-breaking agreement on business and human rights, amid reports that support for the measure might now be in question in the European Council. 

 “The adoption of the Corporate Sustainability Due Diligence Directive would show historic leadership by the EU at a time when global leadership in support of human rights is needed more than ever. For the Directive to fail now would be a massive blow,” said Türk. “Human rights due diligence is feasible and supports sustainable business processes that deliver long-term value to society at large. And for those reasons it also makes eminent business sense.” A vote on the Directive was possibly due later this week.

The High Commissioner urged EU Member States to demonstrate principled leadership on this landmark piece of legislation and to bring it across the finishing line. 

Call for enhanced global action on cervical cancer

Hervé Verhoosel, for Unitaid, stated that a woman somewhere in the world died of cervical cancer every two minutes. This was the fourth most common cancer among women worldwide. 

It was also one of the few types of cancer that can be prevented by a vaccine. Vaccination against human papillomavirus — the leading cause of cervical cancer — together with HPV screening and treatment was a proven path to elimination. Yet, due to supply constraints, delivery challenges and the pandemic, just one in five girls globally had been vaccinated. 

Cost-effective and evidence-based tools for screening and treatment were critical to saving lives. The WHO’s recommendation of a one-dose HPV vaccine opened new opportunities to reach more girls worldwide and would significantly reduce costs and logistical barriers.

Unless the course was changed, annual deaths from cervical cancer would likely reach 410,000 by 2030. In pursuit of this goal, 11 partners would host the first-ever Global Cervical Cancer Elimination Forum in Cartagena de Indias, Colombia on 5-7 March. The Forum would bring together senior ministry officials with leading global health development agencies, donors, academia, civil society, and the private sector to galvanize the global movement to eliminate cervical cancer. New and ambitious commitments would be announced — financial, policy, and programmatic — to advance the cervical cancer elimination agenda. Mr. Verhoosel explained that the Forum offered a watershed moment for the world to collectively accelerate progress on a groundbreaking promise made in 2020, when nearly 200 countries signed on to the WHO’s Global strategy to eliminate cervical cancer. 

Dr. Prebo Barango, Cross-cutting Specialist on Non-Communicable diseases and Special Initiatives, at the World Health Organization (WHO), explained that the prevalence of cervical cancer in some countries demonstrated the inequity of access to prevention and health care in general. Countries could be put on the pathway towards the elimination of cervical cancer by 2030 if the higher percentage of girls were being vaccinated, and access to screening and early treatment were made more available. In low- and middle-income countries, access to cancer treatment was still a major challenge, noted Dr. Barango. Eliminating cervical cancer was part of the broader response to fighting cancer. 

Responding to questions, Dr. Barango said that the key constraint related to the HPV vaccine was that the recommended age of 14 fell out of the normal vaccination age for children. During the pandemic, when many schools had been closed and many health facilities had been focused on COVID-19, a significant drop in HPV vaccinations had been observed. One dose of the HPV vaccine was not inferior to two doses, noted Dr. Barango; it was also easier and cheaper to administer one rather than two vaccines. Lack of awareness, access, or capacity of health workers to carry out screening tests were all challenges that accounted for the low coverage rates. 

86th Inland Transport Committee

Jean Rodriguez, for the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), informed that UNECE would host from 20 to 23 February the 86th annual session of the Inland Transport Committee (ITC), which was the UN's regulatory platform for road, rail, inland waterways, and intermodal transport. ITC gathered delegates not only of UNECE’s 56 members States, but of the 152 UN Member States, which were parties to at least one of the 60 international transport agreements under the Committee’s purview.

The upcoming session would focus on taking ambitious climate action, and it would be called to adopt a strategy to decarbonize inland transport by 2050. The transport sector was responsible for 23 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions, with road transport alone accounting for around 77 percent of these emissions. Meeting the objectives of the Paris Agreement thus required decisive action to cut the transport sector’s emissions. To get on track with Net Zero Emissions scenario by 2050, CO2 emissions from the transport sector had to fall by more than three percent per year by 2030.  The objective of the climate strategy that Member States had requested at the previous year’s session was to set a medium and long-term course towards the goal of carbon neutrality by 2050, enabling parties to deliver on their climate commitments under the Paris Agreement. 

 Mr. Rodriguez said that the session would also feature several high-level side events, notably the ITC Forum for Road Safety, and round tables on digital and green, as well as a ministerial side event on the SPECA Roadmap for the Digitalization of Multimodal Data and Document Exchange along the Trans-Caspian Transport Corridor. It would also look into the future of inland transport governance, intelligent transport systems, vehicle regulations, transport of dangerous goods and perishable foodstuffs, intermodal transport and logistics, inland water transport, and border-crossing facilitation. 

Further information can be found here


Rolando Gómez, for the United Nations Information Service, informed that the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women would close its 87th session on 16 February at 5pm and issue its concluding observations on the eight countries reviewed during this session: Niger, Tajikistan, Italy, Turkmenistan, Greece, Oman, Djibouti, and Central African Republic.

The Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights was beginning this morning its review of the report of Romania. It would also begin this afternoon the review of the report of Mauritania.

On 15 February at 8 pm, to mark the Social Justice Day and as part of the Antigel festival, a concert would take place in Room XX at 8 pm, co-organized by the United Nations Research Institute for Social Development and UNOG. More information is available here.

Mr. Gómez informed that Philippe Lazzarini, Commissioner-General of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), would deliver brief remarks to the media following his executive briefing to Member States, in front of Room VII, around 12 noon today, and it would be webcast live